The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) is an intergovernmental mechanism for dialogue and political agreement, which includes permanently thirty-three countries in Latin America and the Caribbean for the first time.It was created with a commitment to advance the gradual process of regional integration, unity and carefully balancing political, economic, social and cultural diversity of Latin America and the Caribbean, 600 million people
Since its launch in December 2011, the CELAC has helped to deepen respectful dialogue among all countries in the region in areas such as social development, education, nuclear disarmament, family farming, culture, finance, energy and the environment.After two years of work, the CELAC has encouraged Latin American and Caribbean vision itself as a community of nations, capable of dialogue and consensus building on issues of common interest.
By mandate of the Heads of State and Government, CELAC is the unified voice of the region on issues of consensus; He is the only speaker who, after following the procedural rules can promote and project the voice of Latin America and the Caribbean in the discussion of important global issues, looking for a better insertion and positioning of the region internationally.
Regarding the representation of Latin America and the Caribbean, CELAC takes its faculties to act as spokesman for the Community with other countries and regional blocs. This includes the CELAC dialogue with the European Union, the Forum of CELAC-China Dialogue Mechanism with the Russian Federation, and approachements with the Republic of Korea, the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Turkey and Japan.
CELAC is the successor of the Rio Group and the Summit of Latin America and the Caribbean on Integration and Development (CALC). In July 2010, the CELAC selected former president of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez and Chilean President Sebastian Pinera, as co-chairs of the forum to draw up constitutions for the President of Cuba Raul Castro is leading organization.Presently CELAC. The next summit will be held in Cuba in 2014.
On February 23, 2010, Latin American leaders at the 23 Rio Group summit in Playa del Carmen, Quintana Roo, Mexico, said they were forming an organization of Latin America and the Caribbean. Once it has developed its letter, the group was formally established in July 2011, at a summit, Venezuela.
As President of Mexico, Felipe Calderon declared: “We have decided, for the first time to form the Community of Latin American and Caribbean as comprises all regional states space.” Calderon said: “We can not remain disunited; We can not succeed in the future based on our differences; Now it’s up to us to unite undiscounted things that make us different to unite on the basis of our similarities far outweigh our differences.
The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) is a regional forum that brings together all of Latin America and the Caribbean. He aspires to be a unique voice and structured decision-making policy decisions in the political and cooperation in support of regional integration programs. .
It was incorporated in the “Unity Summit” (Riviera Maya, Mexico, February 23-24, 2010) from the decisions taken at the Summit of the Rio Group XXI (GRIO) and the Second Summit of Latin America and the Caribbean on Integration and Development (CALC) held on those days. The CELAC was formally institutionalized and commissioning at the Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Rio Group and CALC, held in Caracas, Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, on 2 and 3 December 2011.
In Caracas / 2011 Summit adopted some important documents, including: the Declaration of Caracas, the Caracas Action Plan, the Statute of Procedures, the Special Declaration on the Defense of Democracy and Constitutional Order in the Community of Latin American and Caribbean (ECLAC), on the Falkland Islands Special Report and a Communication on the total elimination of nuclear Weapons.Such statements, three initiatives Argentina (Malvinas question on Food and Nutritional Security, financial speculation and excessive volatility of food prices on food and together with Brazil in the twentieth anniversary of the ABACC).
The countries forming the CELAC are: Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Granada, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Dominican Republic, St. Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago. Uruguay and Venezuela.
What purpose this mechanism created?
In order to promote regional integration and sustainable development, political cooperation, regional comprehensive agenda in forums: position the region to events of international scope; Promote dialogue with other States and regional organizations; Promote regional and subregional institutions for cooperation and communication between organizations, etc.
What is the way they work and why they chose to work well?
CELAC is not supported by a Secretariat or receives contributions from Member States. that makes decisions by consensus and is governed by rules adopted by the Heads of State and Government Summit in Caracas 2011, the State holding the Presidency Pro Tempore was Chile from December 2011 to January 2012, followed by Cuba, 2003 and currently Costarica. and is assisted by a Troika comprising also the country precededs.
During its first year, which developments have been the best and in what field?
During 2012 the Pro-Tempore. President of Chile has launched CELAC and coordinated implementation of the mandates contained in the Declaration and Plan of Action-Caracas has been active as the First Meeting of Foreign Ministers of CELAC Troika (January), the First Meeting of Foreign Ministers in New York CELAC (September), participation in the United Nations General Assembly, in the subject area over forty issues’, highlighting the agreements reached at the meeting on Humanitarian Assistance, Energy, Finance, Infrastructure and Physical Integration, Environment, Immigration, cooperation and a Symposium on “advances and Challenges in Scientific Research on Treatment, Vaccine and drug Addiction Strategies. ”
In international, were well received in this forum. As a result of the agreement to provide a forum for cooperation with China, strengthen ties with India, the meetings with the Russian Federation, the Republic of Korea, the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Turkey was established, Australia and New Zealand, we take note of the progress in the dialogue on regional integration. .
What are the main objectives of this I CELAC Summit?
Evaluate-approve work and actions to be taken by the CELAC in 2013 This will consist of the Declaration and Plan of Action in Santiago. It will also give a pattern to guide the work of the Sub-Regional integration through quantifiable and measurable objectives and mechanisms.
There will be pre-First Summit?
Prior to the Summit of Heads of State have held preparatory meetings of the Troika, the Fourth Meeting of National Coordinators and the Second Meeting of Ministers of Foreign Affairs. During the year there have been around 15 meetings of various materials that were considered at the Summit.
What topics were discussed and what were the results of these were preparatory meetings?
Troika Meetings of the National Coordinators and Ministerial Relations CELAC coordinated decisions and resolutions to the preparation of the contract to be approved by the Heads of State Summit, including sectoral issues. This area includes sthe approval of the schedule of meetings of the Community, agreements reached in thematic meetings, efforts and activities in the region, as well as general and modifications to work procedures.
After Chile gave the president pro tempore, who is responsible and how to continue the work?
The Republic of Cuba has assumed the Presidency Pro Tempore of CELAC in 2013 and his task was to coordinate the implementation of the Declaration and plan of Action Santiago, to which we have referred. Costa Rica has assumed the presidency in 2014 after the First Summit of CELAC Troika consisted of Cuba, Chile, Costa Rica and Haiti in his capacity as Chairman of CARICOM. Latest on the extent of the Troika, adopted at the Summit of Santiago.
We are confident that this second year of operation of the CELAC, was the consolidation of democratic institutions, and to progress in the commands to be executed by this forum.
Economy in Latin America is experiencing tremendous growth due to the large domestic market, the export of commodities and merger of goods and services across the region will result in an increase in consumption by raising the quality of America of life in most of their countries. But it still must make an effort to rescue 30% of the poor population still exists in the region.
With a GDP of around $ 7 trillion dollars is the third largest economy in the world and the largest food producer in the world and third largest producer of electricity.
In recent years there have been the best advances in the political, economic and social level, producing rapid growth in virtually all countries.
Largest economy in Latin America is Brazil, with a GDP (PPP) of $ 2.293 million (2011). Globally ranked sixth best economy and Brazil’s success is a great inspiration for Celac member states . It is included in the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa).
I- December2011 Venezuela- Caracas
II- January 2013 Chile-Santiago
III-December ,2014 ,Havana -Cuba
III- January 28-29, 2015 Costa Rica -Belén,Heredia
As the ex-president of Mexico said ‘Antes todo,somos pueblos hermanos’
Viva La comunidad de Estados latinoamericanos y Caribenos
Celac international is a mechanism created to represent ,promote and protect the interests of the member states of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and its citizens.
This mechanism and project is inspiration by the noble Commandant JUGO CHAVEZ FRIAZ of Venezuela who inspired both the people of Latin America and Caribbean and people of the world from Asia to Africa and Middle East.I .
We believe that Celac is beyond common political ideas of left or right.it is the social justice and equality desired for humankind.We can continue discover life in other planets but we do not have to destroy the life on this mother earth.We dont want to see people in need of simple clothing and food while below where they live is rich in minerals and natural resources.So our projects are being created to help the lives of Celac citizens improve in and outside of the celac zone.
This mechanism brings together Mision Celac which is the first and only NGO of CELAC created official in April 2012 , with Celac International trading ,project management and consulting company which is the only company registered with the name of CELAC in 2013.
In promoting and protecting the interests of Celac ,we will be working together with the official administration of CELAC.In realizing our vision we will be setting up offices in various countries begining with Canada,United States,Turkey,Korea ,Saudi Arabia,Russian Federation ,China,Ethiopia.Our head quarters will be based in Havana -Cuba and Caracas-Venezuela
Through our offices we will provide assistance icluding information and integration to our citizens such as studenst, visitors,businessmen and immigrants.We will be with and for our citizens wherever they are.
Our vision is to bring the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States to the level of advanced nations through development projects which are being prepared by our experts and specialist in their respective fields such as ; health,insfructure,construction,teelcommunication,education and international trade.
We will make 21st century ‘Century of the Commmunity of Latin American and Caribbean States’.We hope to be a model of hope , inspiration and motivation for all developing nations.Our policy is’ We win , you win!You win, we win’.
This precious mother earth has sufficient natural sources for all of us to live a descent life.We are ready and will be happy to share our success and experiences with every nation in a respectful way regardless of their ethnic,religious and social background of them .We are waiting for you to discover our community with open arms..Welcome to our community Welcome to our CELAC.
LUCA GALEA SCANNURA
Viva La comunidad de Estados latinoamericanos y Caribenos
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Following the formal establishment of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States in December 2011 in Caracas, Venezuela by the heads of States of LatinAmerica and the Caribbean, we the people of Latin America and the Caribbean and all the people who see this unification both as a benefit to the region, and also necessary for the prosperity and happiness of all mankind, has decided to register the first NGO of Latin America and Caribbean states on April 11, 2012 in Canada.
The organization is registered with the NGO Branch of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations in February 2013 ( http://esango.un.org) .We decided to start this Organization with the significant motto of noble leader Fidel R.castro “In life there are two important things: Ideas and people”. We believe that we are the people and we have the idea! Our idea is “A Community of Latin American and Caribbean states;Strong, United,Prosperous and Advanced
Mision CELAC not only represent interests of Member States, but also works to protect its citizens by providing assistance during the process of temporary and permanent integration in Canada, USA and around the world in collaboration with the embassies of member states of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean states.
Our organization will be also at the service of American Citizens of LatinAmerica and Caribbean origin who constitutes one third of the U.S. population. ‘We are and we will always be at your sides.Our organization has the sole purpose of serving as a gateway between the Member States CELAC and the world.
On November5, 2013 the first and only company CELAC International Trading, Project Management and Consulting was officially incorporated. The Company plans promoting and protecting the economic interests of Community of Latin American and Caribbean States. Our aim is to introduce our companies to the productive structure and other selected CELAC Initiatives designed to strengthen CELAC’s great economic achievement . The member state Brazil’s economic achievement is an inspiration for the community’s other members.We aim at attracting foreign direct investment into CELAC and seek to allocate resources in the industries of strategic relevance for the development of CELAC and competitiveness of companies and of the community itself. Our next step is to set-up permanent trade fairs and exhibition places open year around outside CELAC memeber states’s frontiers in cities: such as Istanbul (Turkey), Mecca (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) and Los Angeles and Miami (United States), Toronto and Montreal (Canada) and Moscow (Russian Federation). New York (USA) and Seoul (Korea) and Islamabad (Pakistan) The vision of this company is to be future External Trade Office of CELAC. Ricardo Cerda Bautista and Ibrahim Cakmakci Vice-Presidents -CELAC INTERNATIONAL
Our Company will organize trade missions and exhibitions ensuring that the companies of member states of CELAC can locate international trade opportunities and promote CELAC member states’ products and services attracting investment to the industries of the strategic economic sectors of CELAC
On November5, 2013 the first and only company CELAC International Trading, Project Management and Consulting was officially incorporated. The Company plans promoting and protecting the economic interests of Community of Latin American and Caribbean States.
Our aim is to introduce our companies to the productive structure and other selected CELAC Initiatives designed to strengthen CELAC’s great economic achievement .
The member state Brazil’s economic achievement is an inspiration for the community’s other members.We aim at attracting foreign direct investment into CELAC and seek to allocate resources in the industries of strategic relevance for the development of CELAC and competitiveness of companies and of the community itself.
Our next step is to set-up permanent trade fairs and exhibition places open year around outside CELAC memeber states’s frontiers in cities: such as Istanbul (Turkey), Mecca (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) and Los Angeles and Miami (United States), Toronto and Montreal (Canada) and Moscow (Russian Federation). New York (USA) and Seoul (Korea) and Islamabad (Pakistan)
The vision of this company is to be future External Trade Office of CELAC.
Ricardo Cerda Bautista and Ibrahim Cakmakci
Vice-Presidents -CELAC INTERNATIONAL
STUDY MEDICINE IN CUBA
Do you know that the largest medical school in the world is in cuba? ELAM (escuela de medicina de latinamerica) is the largest medical school in the world and recognized by the world health organization and the sate of California of USA and many countries of Latin America and Europe such as Spain.UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAM for the Medical school : the application process is very simple and fees are more affordable than other countries. The minimum requirements are: -High school diploma and transcripts -studying one year preperatory program at ELAM which icludes spanish language course – Studying total of 7 years ,after passing state exam and completing one year of internship in various fields,student is granted MD ( Medical degree) title.ELAM has various specialization porgrammes in the field of Oncology,dermatology and study of diabetics.
After enrolment, students spend three to six months in a pre-medical bridging programme to address uneven educational backgrounds. Non-Spanish speakers study the language, since instruction is in Spanish. The next two years focus on basic sciences, integrated in a new discipline called morphophysiology of the human body, including anatomy, physiology, embryology, histology and pathology. “This provides students with a more holistic understanding,” says Castilla. These science studies are integrated with early clinical contact with patients, essentially at community clinics, with the aim of creating greater relevance to real-life clinical practice.
For the following three years, students are distributed among 14 medical universities across Cuba with some 32 000 Cuban medical students. There, clinical medicine – including patient relations – is melded with public health to build capacities for addressing health needs on a community as well as individual level.
These are the toughest years but also the most exciting, students say, because they are assigned patients under supervision as early as their third year. This is a significant departure from many curricula in Latin America, where even in the 1990s, a Pan American Health Organization study indicated that 70% of schools had no participation in their countries’ health services and only 17% used primary care as an academic setting.
“We are learning medicine – I study at least five hours a day – and also about the human dimension of being a doctor from the example of our professors, and about the value of other health workers in the team,” says third-year student Javier Montero of Chile, when asked what was most important to him about his clinical experience.
“We are bent on quality,” says Ovidio Rodríguez, professor of internal medicine at the Salvador Allende General Teaching Hospital, where 168 ELAM students rotate through third year. “We aren’t giving away grades. But we also work with students to help them succeed.”
The fourth clinical year may be spent in Cuba or, in some cases, in the interns’ home countries under the tutelage of Cuban medical professors. “This has the advantage of familiarizing interns with the health and social picture they will find when they graduate,” says Juan Carrizo, ELAM’s rector. “It also allows them to reconnect with their health system, communities and cultures.”
Students who were interviewed commented on the bonds created by living and studying among peers from around the world. “The diversity that we thought would be our toughest problem has turned out to be our biggest strength,” reflects Castilla. One delegate per country is elected to the Student Council, which also schedules activities dedicated to each nation’s cultural heritage. Organizations such as the Student Movement of Native Peoples of the Americas (MEPOA) bring together the Aymara, Mapuche, Garifuna and other indigenous students, in what student leader Alfredo Cayul considers an important unifying experience.
During summer vacations, many students are involved in community service projects at home, “keeping us connected and aware”, according to Pasha Jackson, a second-year student from Los Angeles, USA. A budding football star until sidelined by an injury, Pasha says memories of gang violence in his neighbourhood as well as his grandmother’s nursing career made him want to “make a difference through medicine”. He and 11 of the other 118 ELAM students from the USA spent last summer working with Native American tribal leaders and the University of New Mexico to understand conditions on the reservations and among the state’s rural communities. “We need to see how we can apply what some consider an idealistic education to our own country now, learning how people live and the health disparities we will have to face.”
His comments hint at the challenges confronted by innovative schools such as ELAM, which are struggling to be accepted by national medical societies and accreditation bodies. In the USA, 29 ELAM graduates are taking their licensing exams and another five have been accepted into residencies. The cost of taking such exams itself has been a problem for students in the USA and in other countries. But other graduates face bigger hurdles, as their degrees must be validated by sometimes reluctant medical societies and, even once they receive validation, there may be no jobs waiting for them in the public sector where they are most needed. “This is a big challenge,” says Castilla. “But where the medical societies are more conscious of the need for these young physicians and where governments have committed resources to them, we are making progress.”
The new doctors are at work in most countries in the Americas, including the USA, various African countries and much of the English-speaking Caribbean region.
ELAM, as well as the health systems around the world that incorporate its graduates, will ultimately be judged by its impact on the health status of the world’s poorest. The need is indisputable: the average physician-to-population ratio in the 47 countries represented in ELAM’s first graduating class of 1800 doctors was 0.98 physicians for every 1000 inhabitants, compared with Europe, which averages more than three per 1000 and Cuba at nearly six per 1000.
And at the same time, schools like ELAM present their own challenge to medical education across the globe to adopt a more socially committed agenda. As Charles Boelen, former coordinator of the World Health Organization’s Human Resources for Health programme, comments: “This notion of social accountability (merits) attention worldwide, even within traditional medical circles ….The world urgently needs such committed builders of new paradigms of medical education.”